Interjections are used to express emotions or reactions. They are one of the nine parts of speech that shows excitement, joy, anger, sadness, or surprise. They help to convey the writer’s thoughts and feelings.
Take a look at our examples of interjections to see how these small words are used:
What is an interjection?
An interjection is a word or phrase used to express strong feelings or emotions.
They are not grammatically related to the rest of the sentence and typically come at the beginning of a sentence. They often occur alone as a one-worded sentence.
Some common interjections are “wow,” “ouch,” and “yum.”
Interjections can be used to add emphasis or to show how the writer feels about what is being said. They are not always polite and can be used to express strong feelings like excitement, anger, joy, or sadness.
Examples of Interjections in Sentences
Well, that was certainly unexpected.
Wow, you look great today!
Ouch, that hurts!
Yum, this food is delicious!
Eek! A spider!
Duh, that’s an easy question.
Oh no! I lost my job.
Yikes, it’s cold in here.
So that’s all that happened, eh?
Boo! That football team doesn’t deserve to win!
Shh! Be quiet in the library!
Brr, it’s cold in here.
Hmm, I’m not sure what I’ll eat from the menu.
Aww! Such a cute puppy.
Oops, I forgot my homework.
Yippee! I won the race!
Whew! I’m glad that’s over.
Umm, would you like to go to dinner with me?
Oh, dear! I forgot to do my laundry.
Whoops, I took your keys by mistake.
Aha! Now I know the answer!
Hey! Watch where you’re going!
Ugh! I hate my job.
Yeah, I think that’s a good idea.
Eww! I saw a cockroach!
Yay! The game is over.
Uh-oh. Jack spilled his drink.
Oh boy! I got to go on a vacation.
Phew, it’s hot today.
Err, can I borrow your phone?
Bravo! That was a great performance!
Interjection Words with Definitions
Well: in a manner that expresses admiration, approval, or satisfaction
Wow: used to convey amazement or surprise
Ouch: used to express pain, distress, or unhappiness
Yum: used to show pleasure or appreciation at the taste
Eek: used to express sudden fear
Duh: used to say that something is obvious or not surprising
Oh no: used to express sorrow or distress
Yikes: used to express sudden fear, alarm, or shock
Eh: used as a sentence connector to introduce the next part of the conversation
Boo: used to express contempt or disrespect for someone or something
Shh: used to express a request for silence
Brr: used to show that you are cold
Hmm: used to express uncertainty in thinking about something
Aww: used to show affection and care for someone or something
Oops: used to express regret or apology
Yippee: used to express joy or happiness
Whew: used to express relief or exhaling
Umm: used to show hesitation in speaking, unsure whether the response is correct
Oh dear: used to express sympathy
Whoops: used to say that something has gone wrong
Aha: used to express sudden realization, understanding, or recognition
Hey: used to attract someone’s attention
Ugh: used to express annoyance or disgust
Yeah: used to express agreement
Eww: used to express disgust or repulsion
Yay: used to express joy or happiness
Uh-oh: used to express concern, worry, or alarm
Oh boy: used to express regret or disappointment
Phew: used to show relief, exhaling after a difficult experience
Err: used to express hesitation, uncertainty, or doubt in speaking
Bravo: used to express admiration or approval for something that has been done
The following interjections are considered primary (or basic) as they are exclusively interjections.
Primary Interjections Examples:
The following interjections are considered secondary interjections as they are nouns, adjectives, or other parts of speech but can be occasionally used as interjections.
Secondary Interjections Examples:
- Bless You
- Good grief
- Holy cow
- No way
- Oh well
Three Types of Interjections
Interjections are divided into three categories or types based on the feelings they express.
1. Volitive Interjections
A Volitive interjection functions as an imperative expression; requesting or commanding something or wishing for something.
They replace “I want” phrases with something else. For example, instead of saying “I want you to leave,” you might say “shoo!”
Volitive Interjection examples:
An Emotive Interjection functions as an expression of sudden feeling or emotion.
These expressions convey the speaker’s attitude or reaction to what is being said. They replace “I feel” phrases with something else.
For example, instead of saying “I feel annoyed,” you might say “good grief.”
Emotive Interjection Examples:
- Good grief
Cognitive interjections are used to express a thought or idea that has just occurred to the speaker as a result of what they have come to know or understand.
For example, you might say “wow” when you receive good news or “oh no!” when you receive bad news.
Cognitive Interjections Examples:
- Oh dear
- Oh no
Interjections and Punctuation
When an interjection is used in a sentence, it is typically followed by a comma or exclamation mark.
When we want to express strong emotion, we use an exclamation mark. These are known as strong interjections.
If it is a weaker expression, we can use a comma or period. These are known as mild interjections.
- Oh well, better luck next time.
- Shoot. I lost the race.
- Yuck! I hate olives!
- Congratulations! You passed the driving test!
If we want to express disbelief or uncertainty, a question mark can be used.
- Really? Did she actually call you that?
- Huh? What did you say?
- Well? Are you coming or not?
Interjections are words or phrases used to express strong feelings or emotions. They can be used to add emphasis or show how the writer feels about what is being said and are not always polite.
I hope these common examples of interjections helped you understand more about them so that you can apply them in your own sentences!