Lovingly titled the ‘spooky season,’ children and adults alike embrace the fun, dressing up on the evening of October 31.
But where did the tradition of Halloween come from, and why does the season have such a spooky reputation?
The Origin of Halloween
Unsurprisingly, the inception of Halloween came about under less-than-ideal circumstances.
It originally began as a celebration aimed at warding off evil spirits. The tradition began as an ancient Celtic festival called Samhain, estimated to have first been held around 2,000 years ago.
Early Halloween Rituals
Samhain took place in what is now Ireland, northern France, and parts of the United Kingdom.
The warm season was over, and winter was approaching. In these early times, winter brought with it a lot of death among the local communities.
In an attempt to repel the spirit of death and ghosts alike, individuals dressed up – often donning animal heads – and lit bonfires.
Celtic Priests, called Druids, would burn crops and animals as a sacrifice to the Celtic deities.
How Has the Holiday Evolved?
Today, although Halloween may still hold a whisper of its past darkness, it is largely viewed as a commercial, enjoyable holiday that’s suitable for adults and young children alike.
But at what point did it transform from a night of sacrifice to a candy-filled bonanza?
Early Halloween in America
Halloween first came to America in the early 19th century and was particularly popular in the southern regions.
Still, it was considered a harvest-related holiday, whereupon neighbors would typically gather and tell stories of the dead, dance, and sing.
The Irish Influence
The latter half of the 19th century saw the emergence of the Irish Potato Famine, and as a result, America became home to a flock of Irish immigrants.
Halloween, which was a dearly celebrated festival in their home country, suddenly regained popularity in America during this time as many of the new foreign settlers decided to observe the holiday.
Early Trick or Treating in America
By the late 1800s, Halloween as we know it today was beginning to take shape on American soil.
Following European behavior, Americans began dressing up on the night of Halloween and going from house to house, asking for food or money, though it was not yet known as ‘trick or treating.’
During these years, the element of fun was heralded on the holiday, with pranks and supposed witchcraft enjoyed by all.
Halloween Horror Films
In 1978, the movie Halloween was released, the first in a long list of festive horror films.
While not initially received well, the movie later became a cult classic and is still shown in some theaters today when the holiday comes around.
Retiring the Fright Factor
With popularity rising for the holiday in the late 1990s, newspapers and community members encouraged parents to remove anything frightening from their celebrations so that children could enjoy it without fear.
Around this time, communities began letting go of their traditional superstition around Halloween, as well as the religious overtones that had previously been a significant factor.
A Timeless Celebration of Community
The spirit of community has remained a constant thread in Halloween’s history, connecting its origins to the present day.
The tradition of trick-or-treating has always been a vibrant way to engage neighbors, while both adults and children often come together to host festive gatherings with friends on this special night.
Halloween’s Heartbeat: The Significance of Costumes
The night of Halloween is full of mystery, magic, and fun. Costumes no longer represent dead animals or glorified spirits.
Rather, individuals will dress up as celebrities, characters from movies or TV shows, or even inanimate objects.
Since the year 2000, Heidi Klum has hosted a widely publicized Halloween party in which many notable celebrities have shown their creative sides, providing regular citizens with a wealth of inspiration for costuming.
Halloween is Wildly Successful in America
Today, Americans spend over ten billion dollars on Halloween, with individual costs covering costumes, candy, parties, and home decor.
While this amount is nowhere near the staggering 900 billion annually spent on Christmas, it is clear that Halloween has been commercialized greatly since its humble and meaningful beginnings.
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This article was produced by TPR Teaching.
Caitriona Maria is an education writer and founder of TPR Teaching, crafting inspiring pieces that promote the importance of developing new skills. For 7 years, she has been committed to providing students with the best learning opportunities possible, both domestically and abroad. Dedicated to unlocking students' potential, Caitriona has taught English in several countries and continues to explore new cultures through her travels.